Liability Insurance :: Articles

Understanding Product Liability Insurance in Australia: A Business Owner's Guide

Understanding Product Liability Insurance in Australia: A Business Owner's Guide

As a business owner in Australia, navigating the complexities of protecting your company is crucial, with product liability insurance being an essential aspect to consider. This type of insurance is designed to shield businesses from financial losses that may arise if a product they manufacture, supply, or sell causes harm to a consumer or damages property. With the marketplace being as litigious as it is, understanding and maintaining appropriate coverage is not just advisable—it's a necessity for the longevity and stability of your enterprise.

In an environment where consumer protection is paramount, businesses cannot afford to overlook the importance of this safeguard. Product liability insurance is more than a safety net; for many Australian companies, it is a foundational element of their risk management strategy. Whether you produce goods or are a retailer, the implications of a product fault can be severe and far-reaching. Such insurance helps ensure that a single incident does not lead to insurmountable financial distress, safeguarding your business’s assets and reputation.

This article aims to guide you through the ins and outs of product liability insurance within the Australian context. We will delve into what exactly product liability insurance is, discuss its significance for businesses of all sizes, and explore key considerations when choosing a policy. Further, we will unpack the intricate details of claims and coverage, examine real-world scenarios, and provide tips to help you make informed decisions about your liability insurance needs.

Understanding the Basics of Product Liability

The Concept of Liability and Legal Implications for Businesses

Comprehending the basic facets of product liability begins with grasping what liability means for a business. In the realm of Australian commerce, 'liability' refers to the responsibility a company bears when its products cause harm or loss. This liability can have profound legal repercussions, potentially leading to costly litigation, damage awards, and a tarnished brand image. The law in Australia requires businesses to ensure the safety of their products, failing which they may face dire consequences under consumer protection legislation.

Product liability can arise not only from design and manufacturing defects but also from inadequate instructions or failure to warn consumers about potential risks. Hence, a nuanced understanding of the various forms of liability is vital, as is awareness of the legal frameworks at play, such as the Australian Consumer Law (ACL) that governs consumer rights and product safety.

Different Types of Products and Associated Risks

Products come in countless variations, and each carries its unique risks. From household appliances and electronics to pharmaceuticals and food items, the scope is broad, and the nature of the associated risks varies. A defective kitchen appliance, for instance, could cause injury or property damage, whereas contaminated food could lead to severe health issues.

All product categories demand diligent risk assessment and management. Businesses must account for potential dangers and institute stringent quality controls to minimize risk exposure. However, no system is foolproof, and product liability insurance serves as a crucial backstop for when preventative measures fall short.

Examples of Product Liability Cases in Australia

History is sprinkled with instances of product liability cases that emphasize the perils businesses may encounter. One notable example is the case of faulty breast implants that affected thousands of women, leading to class actions and significant financial settlements. Another example involves children's toys that, due to small, detachable parts, posed choking hazards and resulted in recalls and lawsuits.

These cases illustrate not only the possible harm caused by products but also the expensive fallout that businesses may have to shoulder without adequate insurance coverage. Analysing such precedents is enlightening for Australian business owners, underscoring the gravity of their responsibilities and the indispensable nature of liability protection.

What Product Liability Insurance Covers

Types of Claims Covered: Injury, Property Damage, etc.

Product liability insurance in Australia offers businesses a safeguard against a range of claims arising from the use or consumption of their products. Its core purpose is to cover the legal and compensation costs that can occur if a product causes injury to a person or damages their property. The claims may stem from a variety of incidents, such as manufacturing flaws, design defects, faulty instructions, or inadequate warnings regarding the product's use.

The coverage is wide-reaching, providing financial protection against claims of bodily injury, which can include both physical and psychological harm. It also encompasses property damage claims when a product causes loss or damage to someone's belongings or premises. In some cases, it may also cover consequential losses, such as loss of income, suffered by the affected parties due to the faulty product.

Explanation of Coverage Limits and Deductibles

Understanding the limits of coverage and deductibles is key when selecting product liability insurance. The coverage limit is the maximum amount an insurer will pay for a single claim or series of claims arising from one event or series of related events. It's important to choose a limit that reflects the scale and nature of the risks your business might face, as inadequate coverage could leave you facing significant out-of-pocket costs.

Deductibles, also known as excesses, represent the amount a business is required to pay towards a claim before the insurance coverage kicks in. A higher deductible might result in a lower premium, but it also means greater financial responsibility for your business at the time of a claim. Balancing the deductible against the premium costs and financial resilience of your business is an essential part of policy selection.

The Importance of Understanding Policy Exclusions

Just as critical as knowing what is covered is understanding what is not. Policy exclusions are specific scenarios or types of damage that are not covered by the insurance. Common exclusions can include claims related to product recalls, intentional damage or faults known prior to coverage. Some policies also exclude specific items or incidents, such as asbestos-related claims or pollution.

Familiarity with your policy's exclusions prevents surprises in the event of a claim and allows you to mitigate uncovered risks through other means. It's advisable to work closely with an insurance broker or legal adviser to ensure that you fully comprehend the parameters of the policy exclusions and that they are consistent with your business's risk profile.

Who Needs Product Liability Insurance?

Assessing if Your Business is at Risk

Every business that interacts with the tangible marketplace should reflect on the potential risks associated with its products. If your business activities include manufacturing, distributing, or selling goods, you are exposed to product liability claims. Accidents can occur, and defects might go unnoticed despite stringent controls. It is crucial for businesses to evaluate their exposure to such risks regularly and determine the necessity of product liability insurance as part of their contingency planning.

Determining your business's risk involves considering factors such as the nature of your products, their potential harm if faulty, and the volume of distribution. If the products are widely used, the reach of potential damage—and thus risk—increases. Moreover, businesses that import or sell goods in Australia, even if produced overseas, also shoulder product liability under the Australian Consumer Law and may benefit from this coverage.

Industries Where Product Liability Insurance is Essential

Certain industries face inherently higher risks and thus have a more pressing need for product liability insurance. These industries include, but are not limited to, manufacturing, food and beverage, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, electronics, and children's products. Companies in these sectors often confront scenarios where defects can lead to serious injuries or health issues, making insurance not only essential but often legally or contractually mandated.

In addition to these high-risk industries, any business that places products into the stream of commerce should seriously consider acquiring product liability insurance. The unpredictable nature of product-related incidents makes being insured a wise decision for protecting the financial health and reputation of any business.

Real-life Scenarios that Necessitate Coverage

Real-life examples underscore the need for product liability insurance. For instance, a consumer electronics company could face claims if a smartphone battery malfunctions and causes injury or property damage. Similarly, a food manufacturer might encounter lawsuits if a batch of products is contaminated, leading to widespread illness.

These scenarios are not just hypothetical but are drawn from actual events that have had serious financial ramifications for the businesses involved. Having robust product liability insurance provides a crucial financial shield, helping to absorb the costs of legal defense, settlements, or judgement awards, and ensuring that a product liability claim does not escalate into a company-ending catastrophe.

How Product Liability Insurance Can Save Your Business

Financial protection against claims and lawsuits

Product liability insurance is an invaluable tool for businesses, acting as a financial bulwark in the face of claims and potential lawsuits. The repercussions of a single product liability claim can be financially devastating, potentially amounting to millions of dollars depending on the severity of the incident. Coverage not only encompasses compensation awarded to the claimant but also the legal fees and associated costs that accrue during the defense process.

Adequate insurance coverage ensures that these immense costs do not directly affect your business's financial standing. Instead of diverting funds from investment or operational budgets to cover these unexpected expenses, insurance coverage allows for continued business growth and stability. Financial protection is thus a key benefit, allowing businesses to survive incidents that could otherwise lead to insolvency or severe financial constraints.

Case studies of businesses saved by product liability insurance

Examining case studies where product liability insurance has proven to be a business's saving grace can offer insight into its value. One case involved a small electronics firm that faced a claim when a product malfunction resulted in a fire, causing extensive property damage and injury. The company's insurance policy covered the millions in damages and legal fees, something the business could not have afforded on its own.

Another instance saw a startup in the food industry survive a significant health scare when their product was linked to an outbreak of food-borne illness. The resultant class-action suit was covered by their product liability insurance, allowing the company to reform its processes and regain consumer trust without succumbing to the financial burden of the lawsuits.

Reputation management during a liability crisis

Beyond the financial aspects, handling a product liability claim can also impact a business's reputation. How a company responds in the midst of a crisis is closely watched by consumers and can determine future trust and business success. Product liability insurance often includes support for reputation management in critical times, providing resources for public relations and crisis management experts.

Access to these specialized services can guide a business in effective communication and remediation strategies, turning a potential public relations disaster into a story of responsible and responsive management. This aspect of coverage can contribute substantially to maintaining customer loyalty and protecting the brand's long-term value.

Calculating the Cost of Your Policy

Factors Influencing Insurance Premiums

The cost of product liability insurance in Australia is influenced by multiple factors, each playing a role in determining the premium. These include the type of products a business offers, the industry it operates in, the volume of sales, and the level of risk associated with the product's use. High-risk products like pharmaceuticals, chemicals, or heavy machinery typically attract higher premiums due to the greater potential for harm and the consequential liability exposure.

Another determining factor is the company's claims history. Businesses with a history of frequent claims may encounter higher premiums as insurers view them as higher risk. The chosen coverage limit and deductible also play a significant role; as one would expect, higher coverage limits correspond to higher premiums, while opting for a higher deductible can reduce the premium cost.

How to Estimate the Cost for Your Specific Business

To estimate the cost of product liability insurance for your business, start by thoroughly assessing the risk profile of your products and operations. Consult with industry peers, insurance brokers, or underwriters to gain insights into the average premium rates for your sector. You can also request quotes from several insurance providers to compare and find a benchmark cost for the level of coverage you require.

Keep in mind that each business is unique, and so too will be its insurance premiums. It's imperative to provide accurate information about your business practices, sales figures, distribution channels, and any safety measures in place to ensure that the quotes you receive are as precise as possible.

Tips for Reducing Premiums Without Sacrificing Coverage

Reducing your insurance premiums doesn't necessarily mean you have to sacrifice coverage. Implementing rigorous quality control processes can lower the risk of defective products and, thus, the probability of making a claim, leading to potentially lower premiums. Properly documenting these processes and demonstrating a commitment to product safety can be persuasive to insurers when assessing risk.

Additionally, consider choosing a higher deductible if your business can manage the financial impact in the event of a claim. This often results in lower premium payments. Bundling multiple insurance policies with the same provider may also unlock discounts. Always review and update your coverage annually to ensure it reflects the current state of your business, as changes in operations or product lines can impact your premium.

Lastly, fostering a solid relationship with your insurer and having an open dialogue about your business operations can lead to better understanding on their part and potentially more favorable premium calculations for you. Being proactive in managing risks and engaging in frequent communication with your insurer is a strategy that might pay dividends over time.

How to Choose the Right Product Liability Insurance Provider

Researching and Comparing Different Insurers

Selecting the right product liability insurance provider is a critical business decision. Begin by conducting thorough research on various insurers to understand the range of coverages available. Look into each provider's financial stability, reputation, and track record in handling claims. It's important to evaluate not just the cost but also the value of the coverage they offer.

Utilize online resources, such as comparison websites and customer reviews, to garner an initial impression of each insurer. These platforms can provide a wealth of information, enabling you to narrow down the list of potential providers. However, it's also beneficial to speak directly with insurers or experienced brokers who can offer personalized advice tailored to your business's specific needs and risk profile.

What to Look for in an Insurance Policy

Examining insurance policies in detail is crucial; pay close attention to the scope of the coverage, exclusions, limits, and deductibles. Ensure that the policy matches the scale of your operations and the nature of the risks involved. Look for flexibility in coverage that can adapt to changes in your business, such as expansion or diversification of product lines.

Clarify the claims process and ascertain the support that the insurer will provide during claims. A good policy is complemented by an insurer that offers robust claims support and resources for legal and crisis management. This can make a significant difference during stressful and financially critical times for your business.

Questions to Ask Potential Insurance Providers

When approaching potential insurance providers, come prepared with a list of questions that can help you assess their suitability for your business. Inquire about their experience with businesses similar to yours and ask for examples of claims they have handled. Explore any industry-specific coverage they might provide, along with the level of customization available in their policies.

Ask about the process for updating policy coverage, should your business grow or change direction. Understanding how responsive and accommodating an insurer is to change can indicate their long-term suitability as your business evolves. Question them about deductible options and the possibility of premium adjustments based on factors such as the implementation of safety measures or changes in your claims history.

Lastly, discuss the details of their customer service and claims resolution process. A provider with a reputation for excellent customer service and efficient claims handling can alleviate many of the challenges associated with navigating product liability issues.

The Application Process Simplified

Steps to Applying for Product Liability Insurance

Applying for product liability insurance need not be a complicated process. The first step is to gather relevant information about your business and your products. This typically includes details such as the types of products you manufacture or sell, the scale of your operations, and your sales channels. Next, reach out to several insurers or brokers to obtain and compare quotes based on your business's specific needs. Carefully review the proposed policies, ensuring they provide the coverage that aligns with your risk profile and financial needs.

Once you've selected an insurer, you'll complete a detailed application form that will require comprehensive information about your business. After submission, there may be a follow-up process where the insurer requests additional details or clarifications before they can provide you with a final quote. Upon agreement on the policy terms and premium, you will sign the contract, pay the initial premium, and receive your policy documentation, confirming the coverage is in effect.

Documents and Information Needed for the Application

The information and documents required for product liability insurance can vary between insurers, but common requirements include a complete list of your products and their applications, historical sales data, and any prior claims history. You'll also need to provide business registration details, information on your supply chain, quality control procedures, and any safety certifications or compliance documents relevant to your products. For businesses with extensive operations or a diverse product range, insurers may ask for more intricate details pertaining to each product line.

Be ready to produce financial documents that show your business's annual revenue, as this can influence the coverage limits and premium rates. In some cases, technical information such as product schematics or ingredients lists may be requested to assess the risks associated with the product's design or composition. The more detailed and transparent you are in your application, the more accurately the insurer can tailor the coverage to your needs.

Understanding the Underwriting Process

Underwriting is the process by which insurers assess the risk of insuring your business and calculate the premium you'll pay. This includes a detailed evaluation of the potential legal and financial risks involved with your products and operations. Underwriters analyze the documents and answers provided in your application, reviewing any past claims and the likelihood of future claims. They take into account industry trends, regulatory changes, and even your business’s approach to product recalls and customer safety.

During underwriting, the insurer may identify areas of concern and either adjust the terms of coverage or suggest ways to mitigate these risks, potentially affecting the coverage conditions or premium. Understanding that this detailed analysis ensures a fair representation of your business to the insurer—and a policy that appropriately protects against potential claims—can demystify the process and emphasize the importance of accurate information throughout your application. Once the underwriting process is complete, and both parties agree on the terms, coverage can commence.

Navigating Product Liability Claims

What to do if a claim is made against your business

If a product liability claim is made against your business, it's important to act swiftly and with composure. The first step is to notify your insurance provider immediately, even if the claim appears to be without merit. Do not admit fault or make any offers to the claimant, as such actions can affect the outcome of your case. Provide your insurer with all relevant information and documentation pertaining to the claimed event. This includes the product in question, any accompanying instructions or warnings, and records of quality control measures you had in place.

Maintaining a clear and thorough documentation trail is vital for effective defense against claims. You'll also want to preserve any evidence related to the claim, such as the damaged product, and maintain all correspondence with the claimant for future reference. Cooperation with your insurer and legal team is crucial, following their guidance to safeguard your interests throughout the claims process.

The process of dealing with claims

The claims process can be complex, involving several stages of review and negotiation. Initially, your insurer will evaluate the claim to ascertain its validity and potential liability. They will often appoint a claims adjuster to investigate the specifics of the case and recommend an appropriate course of action. This thorough evaluation may include an analysis of the product, interviews with witnesses, and expert testimony to assess the claim's merit.

Depending on the findings, your insurer may choose to settle the claim out of court or proceed to litigation if the claim is disputed or if settlement negotiations fail. Throughout this process, your insurer's legal team will represent your business's interests, with the goal of minimizing financial impact while ensuring any legitimate claims are resolved fairly and expediently.

How your insurer will support you during a claim

Throughout the claims process, your insurer should provide robust support to guide and defend your business. This support extends well beyond financial coverage for potential compensation or legal fees. Insurers can offer access to seasoned legal experts who specialize in product liability, assisting you in navigating legal complexities and strategizing the best defense.

Your insurer will typically handle most of the claim's administrative load, managing the necessary paperwork, and communications with all parties involved. Good insurers also offer risk management advice to help prevent future occurrences, suggesting improvements to product design, packaging, or warning labels. Being an active partner in the claims process, your insurer plays a pivotal role in protecting your business's assets, reputation, and future stability.

Final Tips and Best Practices

Maintaining Compliance with Australian Safety Standards

Staying compliant with Australian safety standards is not just about adherence to regulations; it is a fundamental strategy to mitigate liability. Regularly review the Australian Competition & Consumer Commission (ACCC) guidelines and the Australian Consumer Law (ACL) to ensure your products meet all required safety criteria. This should be a continuous effort, involving staying abreast of any updates or changes in legislation that might affect your product categories.

Ensure that your product design, manufacturing, and quality assurance processes integrate these standards from the outset. Compliance demonstrates to your customers, and should a claim arise, to the courts, that your business takes safety seriously and is proactive in preventing harm. It also contributes to building a strong reputation for reliability and integrity in the marketplace.

Regularly Reviewing and Updating Your Coverage Needs

As your business evolves, so too will your insurance coverage needs. It's vital to periodically review your product liability policy to ensure it still provides adequate protection. This can be triggered by various factors, such as launching a new product line, expanding into new markets, or changes in sales volume. Be proactive and inform your insurer of such changes so they can adjust your policy accordingly.

Regular reviews can also reveal opportunities to save on premiums or identify new risks that may have emerged. By revisiting your policy annually or after major business milestones, you'll be in a better position to negotiate terms and ensure continued, comprehensive coverage that aligns with your business's current risk exposure.

Creating a Risk Management Plan to Minimize Liability

Effective risk management is about being one step ahead of potential issues. Develop a comprehensive risk management plan that identifies all possible product-related risks, evaluates their potential impact, and outlines specific steps to prevent or mitigate these risks. Engage your entire team in this plan, from design to distribution, to foster a culture of safety and responsibility.

Part of risk management also involves customer education and transparent communication. Provide clear usage instructions and warnings where necessary, and maintain an open line of communication with customers for feedback and reports of product issues. A proactive stance on managing risks not only reduces the likelihood of a claim but also strengthens your defense should a liability claim arise.

Conclusion

Throughout our exploration of product liability insurance in Australia, it’s clear that safeguarding your business against the ramifications of defective products is an integral aspect of business management. Such insurance acts as a critical defense, protecting against financial losses and securing the credibility of your enterprise in the eyes of consumers and the law.

The landscape of commerce is fraught with unpredictable challenges and potential product-related complications. Product liability insurance provides a form of financial and operational security, allowing businesses to navigate these complexities with confidence. As we've seen, the consequences of not having adequate coverage can be severe, jeopardizing the business's financial stability and its reputation—a risk no business should take lightly.

In wrapping up, I encourage all business owners to give this subject the attention it deserves. Let this guide serve as a starting point for your journey to understanding and obtaining the right product liability insurance. Circumstances will vary between companies, and a policy should be tailored to align with the specific footprint of risk your business leaves on the market.

Final thoughts converge on the premise that the safety and longevity of your business are paramount. With the knowledge shared here, take proactive steps to ensure that your business is well-prepared for any eventuality. Should you find yourself with lingering questions or in need of personalized advice, do not hesitate to reach out to insurance professionals who can provide targeted insights for your specific business needs. Taking action today can secure your business's path to continued growth and success tomorrow.

Published: Monday, 19th Feb 2024
Author: Paige Estritori


Business Insurance Articles

Public Liability Insurance Claims: What to Expect and How to Prepare Public Liability Insurance Claims: What to Expect and How to Prepare
When it comes to navigating the complex waters of insurance, understanding public liability insurance claims is crucial for businesses and individuals alike. Public liability insurance serves as a safeguard, protecting against the financial repercussions that arise from accidents or injuries that occur on your premises or through your operations. In this introductory section, we will delve into the essence of public liability insurance and underline its significance. - read more
Understanding Product Liability Insurance in Australia: A Business Owner's Guide Understanding Product Liability Insurance in Australia: A Business Owner's Guide
As a business owner in Australia, navigating the complexities of protecting your company is crucial, with product liability insurance being an essential aspect to consider. This type of insurance is designed to shield businesses from financial losses that may arise if a product they manufacture, supply, or sell causes harm to a consumer or damages property. - read more
Critical Risk Management Strategies for Every Australian Tradesman Critical Risk Management Strategies for Every Australian Tradesman
Welcome to the crucial world of risk management for Australian tradesmen. Whether you're a seasoned professional or just starting, understanding and mitigating the inherent risks in the trades industry is paramount to both the safety and sustainability of your business. This article intends to guide you through the world of risk management, emphasizing the pivotal role of liability insurance. - read more
Understanding Liability Insurance: A Must-Read for Australian Small Business Owners Understanding Liability Insurance: A Must-Read for Australian Small Business Owners
Liability insurance is a form of insurance designed to offer protection against claims resulting from injuries and damage to people or property. It covers legal costs and any payouts for which the insured party would be responsible if found legally liable. Intended to protect against claims resulting from injuries and damage to other people or property, liability insurance is critical for small businesses as it shields them from potentially crippling legal expenses. - read more
Public Liability Insurance Claims: What to Expect and How to Prepare Public Liability Insurance Claims: What to Expect and How to Prepare
When it comes to navigating the complex waters of insurance, understanding public liability insurance claims is crucial for businesses and individuals alike. Public liability insurance serves as a safeguard, protecting against the financial repercussions that arise from accidents or injuries that occur on your premises or through your operations. In this introductory section, we will delve into the essence of public liability insurance and underline its significance. - read more
Understanding Liability Insurance: A Must-Read for Australian Small Business Owners Understanding Liability Insurance: A Must-Read for Australian Small Business Owners
Liability insurance is a form of insurance designed to offer protection against claims resulting from injuries and damage to people or property. It covers legal costs and any payouts for which the insured party would be responsible if found legally liable. Intended to protect against claims resulting from injuries and damage to other people or property, liability insurance is critical for small businesses as it shields them from potentially crippling legal expenses. - read more
How to Lower Public Liability Insurance Premiums Without Sacrificing Coverage How to Lower Public Liability Insurance Premiums Without Sacrificing Coverage
In the ever-evolving landscape of Australian commerce, business insurance stands as a crucial bulwark, safeguarding enterprises against unforeseen financial perils. Recognizing this, our in-depth exploration begins with an overview of the monumental role business insurance plays for Australian companies, both large and small. It's a cornerstone for risk management, providing business owners with peace of mind as they navigate the intricacies of their industries. - read more
Critical Risk Management Strategies for Every Australian Tradesman Critical Risk Management Strategies for Every Australian Tradesman
Welcome to the crucial world of risk management for Australian tradesmen. Whether you're a seasoned professional or just starting, understanding and mitigating the inherent risks in the trades industry is paramount to both the safety and sustainability of your business. This article intends to guide you through the world of risk management, emphasizing the pivotal role of liability insurance. - read more

Insurance News

Suncorp's Renewed Commitment to Economic Equity Initiatives Suncorp's Renewed Commitment to Economic Equity Initiatives
16 Jul 2024: Paige Estritori

Suncorp has launched its third Reconciliation Action Plan (RAP) designed to bolster the economic standing and opportunities for First Nations people. The new plan emphasizes deepening the insurer's existing commitments and exploring fresh pathways towards equitable growth. - read more
Homeowner Triumphs in Ground Movement Damage Claim Homeowner Triumphs in Ground Movement Damage Claim
15 Jul 2024: Paige Estritori

A homeowner's dispute over damage caused by ground movement due to a leaking pipe has received a favorable verdict from the Australian Financial Complaints Authority (AFCA), promising significant coverage for repairs. - read more
QBE Adopts Innovative Claim Strategies QBE Adopts Innovative Claim Strategies
14 Jul 2024: Paige Estritori

QBE has rolled out a set of enhancements to its claims handling processes, utilizing lessons learned from the catastrophic 2022 floods in Australia. These initiatives aim to mitigate delays, streamline communication, and bolster risk management practices. - read more
Strong Aussie Dollar Encourages Bold Travel Plans Strong Aussie Dollar Encourages Bold Travel Plans
14 Jul 2024: Paige Estritori

In recent weeks, the Australian dollar has shown remarkable strength, bringing about a sense of optimism and renewed travel enthusiasm among Aussies. The currency has significantly appreciated, witnessing impressive highs not seen in nearly half a year. - read more

Start Here
Your free liability insurance quote comparison starts here!

Cover Amount:
Postcode:
All public liability quotes are supplied to you free and without any obligation. We respect your privacy.

Knowledgebase
Professional indemnity:
An insurance that provides cover for liability incurred in the course of exercising a profession.